Uterine fibroids in women

Uterine fibroids in women

Uterine fibroids in women are noncancerous growths of the uterus, which often come during the years of childbearing. Also known as myomas or leiomyomas (lie-o-my-O-muhs), uterine fibroids aren’t related to an augmented risk of uterine cancer as well as most never get converted into cancer.

Uterine fibroids in women range in sizes from seedlings, untraceable by human eyes, to bulky masses, which can distort as well as expand the size of the uterus. You could get only one fibroid or numerous ones. In severe cases, numerous fibroids could enlarge the uterus very much so it spreads to the rib cage as well as may add weight.

A lot of women suffer from uterine fibroids onetime during their lives. However, you may not know that you are suffering from uterine fibroids as they often show no symptoms. The doctor may diagnose fibroids incidentally during the prenatal ultrasound or pelvic examination.


A lot of women having fibroids don’t get any symptoms. And if they do, the symptoms might be influenced by location, size, and total fibroids.

In women having symptoms, the most general symptoms of uterine fibroids consist of:

  • Constipation
  • Difficulty in emptying your bladder
  • Frequent urination
  • Leg pains or backache
  • Menstrual periods continuing over a week
  • Pelvic pain or pressure
  • Substantial menstrual bleeding

When to Visit a doctor?

Visit your doctor immediately if you get:

  • Bleeding or spotting between periods
  • Difficulty in emptying the bladder
  • Overly heavy, painful, or prolonged periods
  • Pelvic pain, which doesn’t quit
  • Unexplained lower red blood cell counts (anemia)

Seek immediate medical care in case of acute vaginal bleeding or shrill pelvic pain, which comes suddenly.


Doctors don’t identify the causes of uterine fibroids; however, clinical experience and research point toward these factors:

Genetic Changes: A lot of fibroids have changes in their genes, which vary from those having distinctive uterine muscle cells.

Hormones: Progesterone and estrogen, these two hormones that stimulate the development of the uterine lining in every menstrual cycle prepared for pregnancy, look to encourage the fibroids’ growth.

Fibroids: Fibroids have more progesterone and estrogen receptors than usual uterine muscle cells have. Fibroids tend to shrink after menopause because of a decrease in hormonal production.

Other Development Factors: Substances, which help your body in maintaining tissues like insulin-like growth factors, might affect the growth of fibroids.

ECM (Extra Cellular Matrix): ECM is a material, which makes cells remain unified, like mortars between bricks. ECM is augmented in fibroids as well as makes them tough. ECM also supplies growth factors as well as sources biological changes in cells.


Even though uterine fibroids generally aren’t risky, they may cause discomfort as well as might result in complications like a decrease in the red blood cells (anemia) that causes fatigue due to substantial blood loss. Infrequently, a transfusion is required because of blood loss.

 Pregnancy & fibroids

Usually, fibroids don’t affect while getting pregnant. Although, it’s quite possible that fibroids — particularly submucosal fibroids — might result in pregnancy loss or infertility.

Fibroids might also increase the risks of some pregnancy complications, like fetal growth constraint, placental abruption, and preterm delivery.


Though researchers continue studying the reasons for fibroid tumors, very little scientific evidence is available about how to stop them. Stopping uterine fibroids might not be possible however, only a smaller percentage of tumors need treatment.

However, by making healthy routine changes like maintaining a reasonable weight as well as eating vegetables and fruits, you might be able to reduce your fibroid risks.

To conclude, some research indicates that the use of hormonal contraceptives might be related to the lower risks of fibroids.